Diagnosing Candida: An Overview Of Candida Infection
male yeast infectionDiagnosing candida can be fairly easy. Candida symptoms are many, but most include extreme itching, burning, soreness and irritation in or near the pubic areas. Candida yeast may produce a smelly discharge that is described as white and cheesy. The infection is caused by a candida yeast overgrowth within the vagina and nearby area. The pain and irritation may worsen during intercourse or urination.

Any warm moist area can be a location where candida flourishes. On a physical level, this is where diagnosing candida can be quite obvious. The vaginal area can give rise to vaginal candida. Less often there are outbreaks in the mouth, in diapered areas and in the penis and foreskin in men. In immune-compromised individuals, candida may take more severe forms.

The most common type of candida organism is albicans and it lives on the skin. It is harmless unless there is warm and moist conditions and a break in the outer layers comprising the surface of the skin. Under normal conditions, the bacteria on the skin keeps the growth of yeast organisms under control so that no symptoms appear. If the beneficial organisms are reduced, the candida takes over the area, resulting in candida symptoms.

Thrush candida is the oral form of candida. It appears as a white lacy patch overlaying a red base. The condition appears on the surface membranes in the mouth. The appearance is somewhat like milk curds, but they cannot be easily wiped away. Scraping at the white patches may lead to bleeding of the tissue beneath.

Children up to the age of nine are sometimes plagued by chronic episodes of candida. These are manifested as white patches near the mouth. This form of candida yeast infection is not common.

In diagnosing candida in males, infection appears as reddish, irritated or severely itching patches near the head of the penis. A white discharge may be present too. Male candida symptoms are much less common than symptoms in females. Causes of the condition in men include sexual contact, diabetes, low immunity levels and overuse of antibiotics.

Diagnosing Candida in a lab is done by microscopic examination or by culturing. To examine cells under a microscope, a slide is prepared with a scraping and one drop of ten percent potassium hydroxide (KOH). The KOH takes out the skin cells and leaves candida that can be easily visualized. The culturing method in diagnosing candida begins with a scraping. The swab is cultured for several days at 37 degrees Centigrade. The culture is then reviewed to determine if yeast is present.

Candida treatment is usually through a course of anti-fungal drugs. Topical antimycotics include Clotrimazole, Nystatin and Ketoconazole, Fluconazole is also used to fight symptoms. The treatment is only effective on vaginal candida. Some natural remedies have been tried with anecdotal success as a candida cure.

Treatment for the symptoms may result in resistant strains of the organism. Some patients are allergic to the Azole medication family and must use other, sometimes less effective, forms of candida treatments. Antibiotics are not to be used for treating candida since it can actually make the symptoms worse. Antibiotics destroy the beneficial bacteria that keep yeast overgrowth under control. Hopefully, this article has been helpful in diagnosing candida so that you can be sure to know whether or not candida may be a health issue you need to address.